Today’s Revolutionary:  Chuck Yeager

 

 

 

Chuck Yeager was the first person to fly faster than sound, on October 14, 1947, in a plane called the X-1. More than that, he exemplified the quality of The Right Stuff, as described in the book and movie of the same name. The Right Stuff - for a test pilot - is extreme coolness under pressure, and an attitude not far from contempt for danger. If you’ve flown a lot, you may have had a pilot come on the radio, talking slowly and calmly, sounding bored: “We seem to have a little problem with one of the engines, soooo I think I’m going to land here in New Jersey instead of Minneapolis”. The calmer the pilot, the more she or he has the right stuff.
Two days before he was supposed to fly in the X-1, Yeager fell off a horse and broke some ribs. He was in great pain but only mentioned it to his wife and to a close friend because he was afraid the flight would be postponed. It hurt too much to close the hatch so he used a section of a broom handle as an extra lever.
Yeager flew for sixty years, and piloted a plane faster than sound in 2012, at the age of 89. 

Catch up on over 200 previous “Today’s Revolutionaries” here.

 


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Savings Groups are catching on in Europe and North America.

Follow this movement, and maybe get involved yourself.

Start by reading the Northern Lights page of Savings Revolution.

Then, if you like, contact us below, and we can talk about how you can form your own groups. We’ll put you in touch with someone who can help you do that!

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    Favorite Sites

    Here are some other sites that Kim and Paul read, that we think you might enjoy.


    In Their Own Hands - Discussion, photos, and blog postings inspired by the new book by Jeff Ashe and Kyla Jagger Neilan. Jeff Ashe has done more different things well in bringing financial services for the poor than anyone I can think of, and this rich experience is reflected in the book. Totally recommended.

    The SEEP Savings Led Working Group site. Congratulations to SEEP for putting together this comprehensive, easily accessible go-to site on savings groups. Check out their library, their report on outreach by country, and lots of other goodies.

    Making the Road - a blog by Bill Maddocks. “Through honesty, courage and persistent inquiry we learn the way forward as development practitioners and human beings.” Bill brings rich experience not just with development work, but with life, to these discussions. 

    Village Finance Blog. Brett Hudson Matthew’s thoughtful posts are grounded in an understanding of oral cultures, history, and social dynamics. Recommended for anyone trying to understand what’s really happening in savings groups. 

    Institute for Money, Technology and Financial Inclusion at UC Irvine. “Its mission is to support research on money and technology among the world’s poorest people. We seek to create a community of practice and inquiry into the everyday uses and meanings of money, as well as … technological infrastructures”. ‘Nuff said.

    David Roodman’s Microfinance Open Book Blog. David Roodman combines intelligence, honesty, and a sense of humor. He attempts to bring intellectual rigor to the analysis of the impact of financial services, and isn’t afraid to ruffle a few feathers in the process.

    Clean Air, Bright Light. This site by Savings Revolution co-founder Paul Rippey contains useful information about lessons learned in using savings groups to promote clean lighting. Still in development but check it out anyway!

    The Evidence Project. Chris Dunford was CEO of Freedom From Hunger for many years and probably more than anyone helped FFH earn a reputation of being willing to look closely at what they were doing, and whether they really were meeting people’s needs. Chris continues that role now as a blogger…

    Center for Financial Inclusion. CFI supports traditional microfinance to become more client friendly, more inclusive, and generally smarter. They have a long-term vision for the sector, and the blog attracts many good writers and thoughtful comments.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Financial Promise for the Poor 

    Financial Promise for the Poor: How Groups Bulld Microsavings is your go-to book on savings groups. Its contributors are authors you often read in this blog. It covers current innovations in microsavings happening around the world.

    Also, don’t miss…

    Savings Groups at the Frontier, the book inspired by the 2011 Savings Group Summit!

    Buy in UK or US.

    Search Savings Revolution

     
     
     
     

    Over the last twenty years, many people have become interested in helping poor people around the world get good financial services. Mohammed Yunus and the institution he founded, the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, won a Noble Prize in 2006 for helping start a movement that has brought financial services to millions around the world. 

    Banks and microfinance institutions are one way to bring financial series to the poor. Savings Groups, managed by the members and based on savings rather than debt, are another solution. In fact, we think they’re such a good solution that they really are revolutionary.

    Savings Groups are self-selected groups of 15 to 30 women and men who get together to save and borrow. Rather than go into debt to an external institution, they manage their own savings through transparent procedures and all the money they earn through interest on loans stays in their village, and in their group.

    This seven-minute video is a great short introduction to savings groups:

    A number of international non-profit organizations work with local partners to train people in villages and cities in how to manage their own savings groups. There are now over five million savings group members in Africa alone, and the movement is also growing in Asia and Latin America. (There are even a few groups in Europe and North America).

    Savings Revolution is designed to help you learn more about Savings Groups, and to get involved with the most exciting new approach to bringing safe financial services to people around the world.

    Monday
    Apr022012

    « Savings on a tightrope: three balancing acts »

    Setting money aside for planned expenditures or for a rainy-day fund is tough if you are poor and you feel like you have a whole back-log of things you’d like to buy today. Saving requires active planning of what expenditures to forego and what saving vehicles to use. The selection of specific saving vehicles is driven by three high-level choices.

    The first high-level choice is the balance between liquidity and discipline. Discipline is about making it hard for people to revisit prior savings decisions, whereas liquidity is about having the flexibility to meet changing goals and circumstances. Discipline is required every moment you decide to forego current expenditures to put money into your cookie jar (we call this discipline in), as well as  every subsequent moment you decide to hold back from raiding your cookie jar to satisfy current spending urges (we call this discipline out).

    These little decisions that prevent depletion of savings can grow exhausting, adding up to what experts call decision-fatigue. Once fatigue sets in, self-control flies out the window. The poor according to Daniel Spears of Princeton University are particularly prone to the ravages of such exhaustion. To avoid the hazards of decision-fatigue both during acts of discipline in (hiving off a portion of income into a safety zone) and discipline out (restraints on spending or breaking the walls of the safety zone), savers require the aid of automaticity, a phenomenon that occurs when unconscious mental processes substitute for conscious ones.

    Savings groups provide a larger safety zone for cash. The regularity of group meetings can help with automaticity at weekly, fortnightly or monthly intervals but not with the erratic intervals that make up daily life. Between meetings, members will have shunted designated deposit money into temporary safety zones. Thus, we can see the reason that VSLA-style daily slot savings - where members deposit money into a locked box between meetings - is popular where safety zones in the home are at a minimum.

    The second high level savings choice faced by people is the balance between certainty and surprise. On the one hand, people want the certainty of knowing at any point in time how much is their saved balance (hence the popularity of passbooks and check balance capabilities on mobile-enabled solutions) and what is the return on that. On the other hand, people also value the feeling of surprise on breaking the piggybank, or on investing their savings in a riskier vehicle with more uncertain returns. An element of surprise carries more of a prospect of a different future. Their mental math might include a higher interest rate gotten from lending at riskier terms for riskier propositions or it might add in truer elements of surprise found in lotteries and bingo games.  Safe, risky and surprising options might co-exist in a single group.

    Let us take for example, groups in rural Nicaragua. Formed under standard procedures, these groups further adapted the ASCA model to suit the tastes of leaders.  Most had a portion of their fund invested in reliable, profit-making activities of individual members. However, In addition, some began lending to individuals outside the group at high rates of interest; others decorated regular meetings with raffles (the amount of an individual wager matching that of a regular deposit); and still others added group enterprises to their list of permissible loan uses. While in the end these efforts proved lucrative, they presented serious risk to depositors: members had not embarked on such activities before.

    Perhaps what groups cannot do so well is match financial risk and reward to varied member appetites.  If one member does not want to gamble her precious savings for the promise of a pot of money, she may be doomed, particularly if she lives in a sparsely populated area with few groups, banks or savings alternatives. The opposite is also true: if a member feels clever or lucky, as part of a prim group she may have little opportunity to realize her gifts, and feel stuck with her group’s predictably slim returns. The trick then is for groups to match the certainty-surprise inclinations of its individual members with products that reflect those inclinations.

    The third high-level savings choice faced by people is to balance between privacy and social drivers. People may have a strong preference to keep larger amounts of savings private given social pressures to share bounties. On the other hand, saving publicly helps create the commitment of regular savings which members find so important, yet such visibility has its drawbacks. Saving in visible ways can also be used to signal success or claim social status.

    Consider the story of Sukrisisa in a tribal hamlet in India’s Eastern Ghats. Sukrisisa, more than sixty years old, had never saved before joining a local group. As she says, “saving for tomorrow is not in the mind of our tribe.” But once she got the habit of savings, she became addicted. Her group, however, was only one vehicle for her savings. “I put only the minimum into the common fund. It is a vote of thanks for teaching me how to save. But, I save ten times more in a sack, which I bury in the ground.” She is scrimping from her cashew harvest for a piece of land and wants no one to chip away at her treasure of $700.

    Happily, groups offer members a chance to save in full view of one another. Perhaps what they might do better is allow individual members like Sukrisisa to sequester larger amounts of money. In some areas, short of following Sukrisisa’s approach of entombing her cash, this may be impossible. But in other areas, options do exist and could be more fully tapped by group promoters - individual savings accounts and group accounts at banks or credit unions or new ways to save and store via mobile money platforms. Complements to group funds are surely worth investigating.

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